Posted on Posted in Diabetes

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy or to store glucose for future use. Insulin helps keeps your blood sugar level from getting too high or hyperglcemia or too low or hypoglycemia.

The cells in your body need sugar for energy. However, sugar cannot go into most of your cells directly. After you eat food and your blood sugar level rises, cells in your pancreas (known as beta cells) are signaled to release insulin into your bloodstream. Insulin then attaches to and signals cells to absorb sugar from the bloodstream. Insulin is often described as a “key,” which unlocks the cell to allow sugar to enter the cell and be used for energy.

If you have more sugar in your body than it needs, insulin helps store the sugar in your liver and releases it when your blood sugar level is low or if you need more sugar, such as in between meals or during physical activity. Therefore, insulin helps balance out blood sugar levels and keeps them in a normal range. As blood sugar levels rise, the pancreas secretes more insulin.

If your body does not produce enough insulin or your cells are resistant to the effects of insulin, you may develop hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), which can cause long-term complications if the blood sugar levels stay elevated for long periods of time.

People with type 2 diabetes do not respond well or are resistant to insulin. They may need insulin shots to help them better process sugar and to prevent long-term complications from this disease. Persons with type 2 diabetes may first be treated with oral medications, along with diet and exercise. Since type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, the longer someone has it, the more likely they will require insulin to maintain blood sugar levels.

Various types of insulin are used to treat diabetes and include:

  • Rapid-acting insulin: It starts working approximately 15 minutes after injection and peaks at approximately 1 hour but continues to work for two to four hours. This is usually taken before a meal and in addition to a long-acting insulin.
  • Short-acting insulin: It starts working approximately 30 minutes after injection and peaks at approximately 2 to 3 hours but will continue to work for three to six hours. It is usually given before a meal and in addition to a long-acting insulin.
  • Intermediate-acting insulin: It starts working approximately 2 to 4 hours after injection and peaks approximately 4 to 12 hours later and continues to work for 12-18 hours. It is usually taken twice a day and in addition to a rapid- or short-acting insulin.
  • Long-acting insulin: It starts working after several hours after injection and works for approximately 24 hours. If necessary, it is often used in combination with rapid- or short-acting insulin.

Insulin can be given by a syringe, injection pen, or an insulin pump that delivers a continuous flow of insulin.

14 thoughts on “INSULIN

  1. Hi There! We are looking for experienced people that are interested in from working their home on a full-time basis. If you want to earn $500 a day, and you don’t mind developing some short opinions up, this is the perfect opportunity for you! Simply click the link here NOW!

  2. Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily spectacular possiblity to read in detail from here. It’s always so excellent and also packed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office fellow workers to search your site not less than three times weekly to learn the new items you have got. And definitely, I’m also certainly fulfilled for the cool advice you give. Some 3 points in this posting are undoubtedly the most impressive I’ve ever had.

  3. My husband and i were quite happy when Ervin could round up his investigation through your ideas he acquired from your web page. It is now and again perplexing to just find yourself giving out secrets and techniques which often some others might have been selling. We consider we’ve got the writer to appreciate for that. Those illustrations you made, the simple web site navigation, the relationships you can make it easier to create – it’s mostly amazing, and it is helping our son in addition to the family believe that this theme is cool, and that is exceedingly fundamental. Thank you for the whole lot!

  4. I intended to post you one very small word to help thank you so much over again regarding the magnificent things you have featured above. It has been simply strangely open-handed of people like you to grant publicly precisely what a number of people could have offered as an e-book to get some profit on their own, precisely since you could possibly have done it if you considered necessary. The secrets additionally acted to be a great way to be aware that someone else have the same passion just as mine to know significantly more on the topic of this issue. I believe there are some more pleasant instances in the future for people who read your blog.

  5. Needed to send you the very little remark to give many thanks once again for all the breathtaking guidelines you’ve documented in this article. This is simply shockingly open-handed of people like you to convey easily exactly what most people would have offered for an e-book to help make some cash for their own end, most notably since you could have done it in the event you considered necessary. The smart ideas likewise worked as the easy way to be sure that other people online have a similar eagerness similar to my very own to know the truth a lot more in respect of this problem. I am certain there are lots of more pleasant periods in the future for those who go through your website.

  6. Thanks for all your valuable work on this web page. Gloria take interest in going through research and it is easy to understand why. Most people hear all about the powerful means you convey very important things by means of the web blog and therefore boost contribution from website visitors on the point plus our own princess is undoubtedly becoming educated a great deal. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re performing a fabulous job.

  7. I actually wanted to make a brief note to thank you for some of the pleasant instructions you are giving out on this site. My rather long internet search has at the end of the day been rewarded with awesome insight to go over with my classmates and friends. I would suppose that many of us site visitors are quite blessed to live in a wonderful website with so many marvellous individuals with good tips. I feel extremely privileged to have discovered your entire webpages and look forward to really more enjoyable minutes reading here. Thank you once again for everything.

  8. I wish to express some thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this dilemma. Just after surfing around throughout the internet and meeting tricks which are not helpful, I was thinking my life was done. Being alive minus the strategies to the difficulties you’ve resolved all through your main write-up is a crucial case, as well as the ones which may have adversely affected my entire career if I hadn’t discovered your blog. The competence and kindness in handling a lot of things was useful. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a subject like this. I can at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot so much for this skilled and sensible help. I won’t be reluctant to refer the website to any person who requires direction about this subject.

  9. I simply had to thank you so much all over again. I do not know the things that I would have made to happen without the type of basics shown by you over this area of interest. Completely was the intimidating concern in my circumstances, however , seeing the very skilled mode you dealt with that made me to leap with delight. I’m grateful for your guidance and thus hope you recognize what a great job your are carrying out teaching the mediocre ones using your websites. Probably you have never encountered any of us.

  10. I have to convey my appreciation for your generosity giving support to persons that require assistance with in this field. Your personal commitment to getting the solution all through has been astonishingly interesting and have enabled ladies like me to reach their endeavors. Your entire insightful guideline implies this much to me and even further to my colleagues. Best wishes; from everyone of us.

  11. I intended to write you one tiny observation so as to say thank you yet again over the breathtaking secrets you have shown in this article. It is so remarkably open-handed with you to provide unreservedly all some people would have marketed as an ebook in making some profit on their own, most notably considering the fact that you could have tried it in the event you wanted. Those advice additionally served to become a easy way to recognize that someone else have similar keenness the same as my personal own to understand a lot more pertaining to this issue. I know there are some more fun sessions in the future for people who find out your site.

  12. I wish to express my gratitude for your generosity supporting men and women that absolutely need help with the question. Your personal commitment to getting the solution along became rather informative and have constantly allowed folks like me to reach their pursuits. This interesting report indicates a whole lot to me and additionally to my colleagues. With thanks; from everyone of us.

  13. Thank you for your entire labor on this web site. My mum really likes doing investigation and it’s really simple to grasp why. All of us notice all concerning the compelling ways you offer both useful and interesting guidance via this web site and cause participation from other individuals about this theme plus our own girl is always discovering so much. Have fun with the remaining portion of the new year. You are always performing a remarkable job.

  14. I needed to post you the tiny word just to say thank you the moment again relating to the magnificent ideas you’ve documented on this website. It has been quite unbelievably generous of people like you to offer without restraint all that a lot of folks could possibly have supplied for an ebook to end up making some profit on their own, primarily given that you could have tried it if you desired. These creative ideas as well acted to be a easy way to be aware that someone else have the same eagerness just like my own to know the truth much more related to this matter. Certainly there are a lot more pleasurable situations up front for folks who looked over your website.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *