Heart Diseases

 

 

 

 

           COMMON HEART CONDITIONS

Rheumatic Heart disease

Rheumatic heart disease is caused by one or more attacks of rheumatic fever, which then do damage to the heart, particularly the heart valves. Rheumatic fever usually occurs in childhood, and may follow a streptococcal infection. In some cases, the infection affects the heart and may result in scarring the valves, weakening the heart muscle, or damaging the sac enclosing the heart. The valves are sometimes scarred so they do not open and close normally.

Hypertensive Heart disease
High blood pressure of unknown origin (primary hypertension) or caused by (secondary hypertension) certain specific diseases or infections, such as tumor in the adrenal glands, damage to or disease of the kidneys or their blood vessels. High blood pressure may overburden the heart and blood vessels and cause disease.

Ischemic Heart Disease
Heart ailments caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries and therefore a decreased blood supply to the heart.

Cerebrovascular Disease
Disease pertaining to the blood vessels in the brain. A cerebrovascular accident or stroke is the result of an impeded blood supply to some part of the brain.

Inflammatory Heart disease
Inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis), the membrane sac (pericarditis) which surround the heart, the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis) or the myocardium (heart muscle). Inflammation may be caused by known toxic or infectious agents or by an unknown origin.

Congenital heart disease
Congenital heart disease is when you are born with malformations of the heart’s structures.  This may be the result of the genes you inherited from your parents or adverse exposure to certain elements while still in the womb, such as some medicines or too much alcohol.  Congenital heart disease is a broad term and examples are holes in the heart, abnormal valves, and abnormal heart chambers.

Heart failure
Heart failure is a chronic condition that happens when the heart’s muscle becomes too damaged to adequately pump the blood around your body. If you have heart failure your heart still works but because it is less effective your organs do not get enough blood and oxygen. Heart failure tends to affect older people more often and manifests as shortness of breath, reduced exercise tolerance and swelling of the ankles. It results if the heart is damaged and weakened.

TIPS FOR A HEALTHY HEART DIET

Eat more fish. Fish is a good source of protein and other nutrients. Some fish, such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel, also gives you omega-3 fatty acids, which may cut your risk of heart disease and stroke

Eat more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and beans. Plant foods are a powerful help in fighting heart diseases.

Avoid artificial trans fats completely. They raise your bad fats (LDL cholesterol) level. Items that may have trans fat include baked goods, snack foods (such as microwave popcorn), frozen pizza, fast food, vegetable shortenings, stick margarines, coffee creamer, refrigerated dough products like biscuits, cookies,etc

Limit saturated fat to no more than 7% to 10% of calories. Check food labels to see how much saturated fat is in a serving of butter, hard margarine, salad dressing, fried foods, snack foods, sweets, and desserts.

When you use added fat, use fats high in monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats (for example, fats found in canola, olive, and peanut oil). You still need to limit how much you use, even with good fats, because they are high in calories.

Eat a variety of protein foods. Favor fish, lean cuts of meat, poultry (without the skin), low-fat or fat-free dairy, beans, nuts, tofu, and legumes.

Cut back on salt. This will help control your blood pressure. Most people get too much sodium, and a lot of it comes from packaged foods.

After complete analysis of the disease patient is advised a personalized diet pattern keeping in view the factors like DIABETES, OVERWEIGHT, Hypertension, Family history of diseases, life style, activity levels,etc.

A fixed prescribed exercise routine is also advised.