Thyroid is a gland present on front side of the neck. Thyroid secretes hormones that regulate the growth & development through the rate of Metabolism. It regulates blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature. It also regulates the rate at which food is converted into energy.
Thyroid disease is caused by the over or under function of the thyroid gland. Thyroid uses Iodine to produce vital hormones.
TYPES OF THYROID PROBLEMS
HYPOTHYROIDISM-It refers to a condition when a person’s thyroid hormone production is below normal.Hypothyroidism can be caused due to abnormal functioning of the pituitary gland (Which regulates the function of thyroid gland), autoimmune disorders, thyroid removal, Iodine deficiency, etc.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism are subtle & non specific, some of the common symptoms are Weight gain, Depression, Fatigue, constipation, dry skin, muscle cramps, elevated blood cholesterol levels. There could be Menstrual periods problems, Hair loss. In severe cases there may be Puffiness around eyes, slow heart rate, low body temperature, Heart failure.
HYPERTHYROIDISM- It refers to a condition where excess amounts of thyroid hormone is being produced.Thyroid hormone is produced by the Pituitary gland which in turn is regulated by Hypothalamus. Any malfunction of any of these three glands results in Hyperthyroidism. Grave’s disease, is the most common cause of this condition can be associated to eye disease. Weight Loss, restlessness, anxiety, tremors, sweating, increased heart rate, heat intolerance, frequent bowel movements are the common symptoms seen.Deficiency of various Minerals and essential Vitamins is also closely monitored like Iodine, Selenium, Zinc, Copper,etc and Vitamins like A,C,E,B12, B2, B6
Foods helping in elevating the function of Thyroid gland are administered for Hypothyroidism.
Problems of weight gain, high cholesterol, problems related to heart and all other other symptoms are taken into consideration to draw the line of treatment.
Diet with personalized pattern is constructed with a proper regime of exercise.